- COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Netherlands
- YEAR RECOGNIZED: 1979
- USES: Pet, show
- WEIGHT: 4 pounds (1.8 kg) max., senior bucks and does
- BODY TYPE: Compact
- FUR TYPE: Rollback; 1 inch (2.5 cm) long; glossy, dense, fine
Agouti Group — chestnut agouti, chocolate agouti, chinchilla, chocolate chinchilla, lynx, opal, squirrel
Broken Group — any recognized breed variety color in conjunction with white; tricolored (white with black and golden orange, white with blue and golden fawn, white with dark chocolate brown and golden orange, or white with lilac and golden fawn)
Pointed White Group — white with black, blue, chocolate, or lilac points
Self Group — black, blue, chocolate, lilac, blue-eyed white, ruby-eyed white
Shaded Group — sable point, Siamese sable, seal, smoke pearl, tortoiseshell in black, blue, chocolate, lilac
Tan Pattern — otter in black, blue, chocolate, or lilac
Ticked Group — steel in black, blue, chocolate, or lilac
Wide Band Group — cream, fawn, frosty
THE SMALLEST OF THE FIVE RECOGNIZED North American lop breeds, the Holland is one of the most popular rabbit breeds in the world. It’s earned that distinction by its small size and astonishing variety of fur colors. Hollands are easily recognizable. Their faces are bulldogged onto heads and shoulders that appear massive on their small, thick bodies. Their thick, drooped lop ears should extend about 1 inch (2.5 cm) below their jawline.
The Holland Lop was the brainchild of Adrian de Cock of Tilburg, Netherlands. De Cock raised Tans, but he was intrigued by the French Lop. De Cock felt the French Lop’s massive size was a detriment for many would-be lop fanciers who neither wanted nor could afford large hutches and truckloads of rabbit food. De Cock began a project in 1949 to create a smaller lop.
Using French Lops, Netherland Dwarfs, and English Lops in his breeding program, De Cock had by 1955 achieved a smaller lop, in the 5- to 6-pound (2.3–2.7 kg) class, but it wasn’t quite what he’d envisioned. Ten years later he had successfully downsized his new lop breed to the 4-pound (1.8 kg) animal recognized today as the Holland.
Holland Lops quickly spread throughout Europe. They were first brought into the United Kingdom in 1969. In 1974, Aleck Brooks III of Ardsley, New York, imported the first Hollands to the United States, where they were embraced enthusiastically.